This is my First Part – writing for SQL Server 2012 Enterprise ( in 2013 )
The next parts ( p.2, p.3 ) will be uploaded soon.
As an Official Announcement from Microsoft, in April 1st, 2014, there will be a Primary Released for SQL Server 2014 – the next SQL Server’s generation.
However, some “core definitions” (such as: Microsoft Business Intelligence – BI, Big Data … ) are “inherited” from SQL Server 2012. So, if you are not familiar with those terms, I think you can review my SQL Server 2012 slides to have the clues.